Hetaerolite

Hetaerolite , Hodgkinsonite Location: Sterling Hill, Ogdensburg, Sussex County, New Jersey, USA. © Lou Perloff / Photo Atlas of Minerals
Chemical Formula:ZnMn2O4
Locality: Franklin, Sussex County, New Jersey, USA.
Name Origin: From the Greek for “companian”, for its occasional association with chalcophanite.
The mineral hetaerolite (ZnMn2O4) which is chemically similar to the mineral hausmannite, was first described from the Sterling Hill deposit, New Jersey, by Moore (1877) and later studied in detail by Palache (1910). Other localities where hetaerolite is known to occur include the Franklin Mine, New Jersey, and Leadville, Colorado (Frondel and Heinrich, 1942). Recently Hewett and Fleischer (1960) have reported hetaerolite from the Contact Mine, Grant County, New Mexico, and the Lucky Cuss Mine, Tombstone, Arizona.

They as well as Ramdohr and Frenzel (1956) before them, expressed the opinion that hetaerolite – as a product of weathering of Mn-bearing zinc ores – is much more abundant than previously thought. Now hetaerolite has also been found in the Pb-Zn-deposit at Rodna, Rumania, probably the first locality in Europe. The Rodna deposit belongs to the neogene metallogenetic province of the Carpathian Mountains (Giusca, Cioflica, and Udubasa, 1969) and consists of metasomatic ore-bodies in metasomatic limestones and of injections in andesitic explosion-breccias.

The ores consist predominantly of pyrite, sphalerite, pyrrhotite, and galena (Udubasa, 1970). The hetaerolite discussed here was found in cavities within the crystalline limestones where it occurs in a matrix of limonitic ochre together with broken-off fragments of galena crystals, which have been partially coated by cerussite.

Physical Properties

Cleavage: {001} Indistinct, {112} Poor, {011} Poor
Color: Black.
Density: 4.85 – 5.18, Average = 5.01
Diaphaneity: Subtranslucent to opaque
Fracture: Brittle – Uneven – Very brittle fracture producing uneven fragments.
Hardness: 6 – Orthoclase
Luminescence: Non-fluorescent.
Luster: Sub Metallic
Magnetism: Nonmagnetic
Streak: brownish black

Photos :

Mineral: Hodgkinsonite, Hetaerolite, Willemite, Franklinite, Zincite Locality: Sterling Mine, Ogdensburg, Sterling Hill, Sussex County, New Jersey (Type Locality for Hetaerolite, Zincite and Franklinite) Overall Size: 7.5x4x2 cm Crystals: 0.1-0.8 mm © JohnBetts-FineMinerals
Mineral: Zincite, Fluorite, Hetaerolite Locality: Sterling Mine, Ogdensburg, Sterling Hill, Sussex County, New Jersey (Type Locality for Zincite and Hetaerolite) Overall Size: 5.5x2x0.5 cm Crystals: micro to 1 mm © JohnBetts-FineMinerals
Mohawk Mine (Clark Station Mine; Pactolus Mine; Wilshire prospect), Mohawk Hill, Pactolus, Clark Mountain District, Clark Mts (Clark Mountain Range), San Bernardino Co., California, USA © 2003 ROM
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