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Crack in Pacific seafloor caused volcanic chain to go dormant

From his geology lab at the University of Houston, Jonny Wu has discovered that a chain of volcanoes stretching between Northeast Asia and Russia...

Kīlauea lava fuels phytoplankton bloom off Hawai’i Island

When Kīlauea Volcano erupted in 2018, it injected millions of cubic feet of molten lava into the nutrient-poor waters off the Big Island of...

The ‘universal break-up criterion’ of hot, flowing lava?

Thomas Jones' "universal break-up criterion" won't help with meltdowns of the heart, but it will help volcanologists study changing lava conditions in common volcanic...

Detecting hydrothermal vents in volcanic lakes

Geothermal manifestations at Earth's surface can be mapped and characterized by a variety of well-established exploration methods. However, mapping hydrothermal vents in aquatic environments...

Jurassic world of volcanoes found in central Australia

An international team of subsurface explorers from the University of Adelaide in Australia and the University of Aberdeen in Scotland have uncovered a previously...

Ancient drop of water rewrites Earth’s history

The remains of a microscopic drop of ancient seawater has assisted in rewriting the history of Earth's evolution when it was used to re-establish...

Synchronization of ice cores using volcanic ash layers

Thin, brownish layers of a thickness of about a millimeter or two are sometimes observed in the whitish/transparent ice cores. These brown layers consist...

Scientists uncover deep-rooted plumbing system beneath ocean volcanoes

Cardiff University scientists have revealed the true extent of the internal 'plumbing system' that drives volcanic activity around the world. An examination of pockets of...

How to recognise where a volcano will erupt

On television, the eruption of volcano shoots magma right out of the top. However, it is not so uncommon that magma erupts from the...

Careful analysis of volcano’s plumbing system may give tips on pending...

A volcano will not send out an official invitation when it's ready to erupt, but a team of researchers suggest that scientists who listen...

‘Crystal clocks’ used to time magma storage before volcanic eruptions

The molten rock that feeds volcanoes can be stored in the Earth's crust for as long as a thousand years, a result which may...

Volcano eruption at different latitudes: A switch of hemispheric monsoon rainfall...

Volcanic eruptions eject sulfur dioxide gas high into the atmosphere, forming sulfate aerosol chemically, and block the incoming sunlight like an umbrella. This causes...

New clues to the origin of massive underwater volcano, Tamu Massif

The discovery of Tamu Massif, a gigantic volcano located about 1,000 miles east of Japan, made big news in 2013 when researchers reported it...

Water drives explosive eruptions: Magma is wetter than we thought

Volatile elements in magma, primarily water, drive explosive volcanic eruptions. The tricky part is determining just how much volatile content was present before the...

Discovery of rare lava lake on remote sub-Antarctic island

A team of scientists has discovered a rare lava lake on a remote and inaccessible sub-Antarctic island. There are around 1500 land-based volcanoes on...

Earthquake swarms reveal missing piece of tectonic plate-volcano puzzle

Deep under the ocean bed, a sinking tectonic plate causes a "swarm" of earthquakes, feeding molten rock into newly forming volcanoes, new research has...

A 49 kilometers high volcanic ash column rose up over the...

The Ilopango’s volcano eruption (also known as Tierra Blanca Joven or TBJ) occurred approximately 1,500 years ago. Pyroclastics currents were dispersed over much of...

Rare volcanic rocks lift lid on dangers of little-studied eruptions

Unusual rocks discovered on a remote mountainside have alerted scientists to the dangers posed by a little-studied type of volcano. Researchers say that the rocks,...

How Earth’s mantle is like a Jackson Pollock painting

In countless grade-school science textbooks, the Earth's mantle is a yellow-to-orange gradient, a nebulously defined layer between the crust and the core. To geologists, the...

From Earth’s deep mantle, scientists find a new way volcanoes form

Far below Bermuda's pink sand beaches and turquoise tides, geoscientists have discovered the first direct evidence that material from deep within Earth's mantle transition...

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