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Newly discovered armored dinosaur from Utah reveals intriguing family history

Fossils of a new genus and species of an ankylosaurid dinosaur -- Akainacephalus johnsoni -- have been unearthed in the Kaiparowits Formation of Grand...

Growing a dinosaur’s dinner

Scientists have measured the nutritional value of herbivore dinosaurs' diet by growing their food in atmospheric conditions similar to those found roughly 150 million...

Rare skull of elephant ancestor unveiled in France

A French farmer kept quiet for years after stumbling across the skull of an extinct ancestor of the elephant near the Pyrenees mountains, the...

Our human ancestors walked on two feet but their children still...

More than 3 million years ago, our ancient human ancestors, including their toddler-aged children, were standing on two feet and walking upright, according to...

56-million-year-old fossils complicate long-held theories about mammalian body size

The discovery of a new species of mammal in Alberta's fossil record has shaken up some long-held beliefs about other species in its lineage. The...

Chasing dinosaurs in Myanmar’s conflict-ridden north

"Amber hunters" on a quest for a Jurassic Park-style discovery of dinosaur remains sift through mounds of the precious resin in Myanmar—a lucrative trade...

Paleontologists ID two new Miocene mammals in Bolivia

Researchers at Case Western Reserve University and two other universities have discovered the 13-million-year-old fossils of a pair of new species of extinct hoofed...

Ancient Moroccan dental remains elucidate history of long-lost African fauna

Long before rhinoceros, giraffes, hippos, and antelopes roamed the African savannah, a group of large and highly specialized mammals known as embrithopods inhabited the...

Researchers find the mountain beaver’s ancestor had a larger relative brain...

A new U of T Scarborough study has found that the ancestor of the modern day mountain beaver had a larger relative brain size. The...

World’s first animals likely caused global warming

The evolution of Earth's first animals more than 500 million years ago caused global warming, new research shows. Some 520-540 million years ago, animal life...

Why life on Earth first got big

Some of the earliest complex organisms on Earth -- possibly some of the earliest animals to exist -- got big not to compete for...

What caused the mass extinction of Earth’s first animals?

Fossil records tell us that the first macroscopic animals appeared on Earth about 575 million years ago. Twenty-four million years later, the diversity of...

Cranium of a four-million-year-old hominin shows similarities to that of modern...

A cranium of a four-million-year-old fossil, that, in 1995 was described as the oldest evidence of human evolution in South Africa, has shown similarities...

Dramatic change in way ancient diets are calculated

Knowing what extinct animals ate has long been determined by analyzing carbon isotopes locked inside fossil teeth. For two decades, a key isotope value...

Scientists discover new species of ancient marine lizard

University of Alberta paleontologists discovered a new species of marine lizard that lived 70 to 75 million years ago, with its muscle and skin...

T. Rex couldn’t stick out its tongue

Dinosaurs are often depicted as fierce creatures, baring their teeth, with tongues wildly stretching from their mouths like giant, deranged lizards. But new research...

Two new creatures discovered from dawn of animal life

Earth's first complex animals were an eclectic bunch that lived in the shallow oceans between 580-540 million years ago. The iconic Dickinsonia -- large flat...

Strange sponge-like fossil creature from half a billion years ago

Scientists have discovered the fossil of an unusual large-bodied sponge-like sea-creature from half a billion years ago. The creature belongs to an obscure and mysterious...

Fossils show ancient primates had grooming claws as well as nails

Humans and other primates are outliers among mammals for having nails instead of claws. But how, when and why we transitioned from claws to...

Amber fossils provide oldest evidence of frogs in wet, tropical forests

About 99 million years ago, a tiny juvenile frog in present-day Myanmar was suddenly trapped in sap with a beetle, perhaps its intended next...

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