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A wrench in Earth’s engine: Stagnant slabs

Researchers at CU Boulder report that they may have solved a geophysical mystery, pinning down the likely cause of a phenomenon that resembles a...

Mountains create biodiversity

Mountains are among the most biodiverse places on Earth, but scientists have struggled to fully understand why they are so important in creating high...

The origins of the High Plains landscape

Starting at the eastern foot of the Rocky Mountains in the midwest United States, the dramatic landscape of the High Plains stretches across several...

Scientists identify three causes of Earth’s spin axis drift

A typical desk globe is designed to be a geometric sphere and to rotate smoothly when you spin it. Our actual planet is far...

Experiments using Diamond Anvils Yield New Insight into the Deep Earth

Nearly 1,800 miles below the earth's surface, there are large odd structures lurking at the base of the mantle, sitting just above the core....

From crystals to climate: ‘Gold standard’ timeline links flood basalts to...

Imagine an enormous volcano erupting in the Pacific Northwest, pouring lava across Washington, Oregon and Idaho. Imagine the lava flooding out until river valleys...

Unprecedented ice loss in Russian ice cap

In the last few years, the Vavilov Ice Cap in the Russian High Arctic has dramatically accelerated, sliding as much as 82 feet a...

How slick water and black shale in fracking combine to produce...

Radioactivity in fracking wastewater comes from the interaction between a chemical slurry and ancient shale during the hydraulic fracturing process, according to Dartmouth College...

A timescale for the origin and evolution of all of life...

A new study led by scientists from the University of Bristol has used a combination of genomic and fossil data to explain the history...

Laughing Gas May Have Helped Warm Early Earth and Given Breath...

More than an eon ago, the sun shone dimmer than it does today, but the Earth stayed warm due to a strong greenhouse gas...

Meteorite bombardment likely to have created the Earth’s oldest rocks

Scientists have found that 4.02-billion-year-old silica-rich felsic rocks from the Acasta River, Canada -- the oldest rock formation known on Earth -- probably formed...

Study of material surrounding distant stars shows Earth’s ingredients ‘pretty normal’

The Earth's building blocks seem to be built from 'pretty normal' ingredients, according to researchers working with the world's most powerful telescopes. Scientists have...

Iron-silica particles unlock part of the mystery of Earth’s oxygenation

The oxygenation of Earth's atmosphere was thanks, in part, to iron and silica particles in ancient seawater, according to a new study by geomicrobiologists...

Chemical footprint in present-day atmosphere mimics that observed in ancient rock

Early Earth was a hot, gaseous, dusty and dynamic planet with an atmosphere and an ocean. Then its surface cooled and stabilized enough for...

What makes diamonds blue?

Blue diamonds -- like the world-famous Hope Diamond at the National Museum of Natural History -- formed up to four times deeper in the...

Sound waves reveal enormous diamond cache deep in Earth’s interior

There may be more than a quadrillion tons of diamond hidden in the Earth's interior, according to a new study from MIT and other...

Scientists discover Earth’s youngest banded iron formation in western China

The banded iron formation, located in western China, has been conclusively dated as Cambrian in age. Approximately 527 million years old, this formation is...

Oxygen levels on early Earth rose, fell several times before great...

Earth's oxygen levels rose and fell more than once hundreds of millions of years before the planetwide success of the Great Oxidation Event about...

Laser experiments lend insight into metal core at heart of Earth

Scientists have discovered fresh insights into the metallic core at the centre of our planet. The findings could aid understanding of how Earth was formed...

Scientists propose solution to ‘Gaia puzzle’

Scientists may have solved a long-standing puzzle over why conditions on Earth have remained stable enough for life to evolve over billions of years....

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