What is Engineering Geology?
Engineering Geology is the application of geology to engineering studies to ensure that the geological factors related to the location, design, construction, operation and maintenance of engineering works are recognized and taken into account.
Engineering Geology provide geological and geotechnical recommendations, analysis and design related to human development and different types of structures. The engineering geologist’s realm is essentially about earth-structure interactions or investigating how earth or earth processes impact human-made structures and human activities.
Geological engineering studies can be performed during the planning phases, environmental impact analysis, civil or structural engineering design, value engineering and construction phases of public and private works projects, and post – construction and forensic phases of projects. Geological hazard assessments, geotechnical, material properties, stability of landslides and slopes, erosion, flooding, dewatering, and seismic investigations, etc.
Geological engineering studies are conducted by a geologist or engineering geologist who is educated, trained and has experience in recognizing and interpreting natural processes ; Understanding how these processes affect human – made structures (and vice versa) and knowledge of ways to mitigate hazards caused by adverse natural or human – made conditions. The engineering geologist’s main objective is to protect life and property from damage caused by different geological conditions.
What is The Importance of Engineering Geology?
The construction of large civil engineering projects requires knowledge of the geology of the area concerned. The geology of an area dictates the location and nature of each of the following structures: Dams, Building foundations, roads and railways. Describe the causes of failure of the slope and possible preventive measures. Discuss a geologist’s role in a large civil engineering project’s feasibility study and site selection stages.
What Type Of Work Do Geological Engineers Do?
Many of these specialists consult for engineering or environmental firms. Many are employed by departments of the highways, environmental agencies, forest services, and hydro operations.
Construction industries depend on geological engineers to ensure the stability of rock and soil foundations for tunnels, bridges, and highrises. Foundations must withstand earthquakes, landslides, and all other terrestrial phenomena, including permafrost, swamps, and bogs.
Geological engineers are finding better ways for landfill construction and management. They find safer ways to dispose and manage sewage from toxic chemicals and garbage. They plan and design tunnels for excavations.
Groundwater is another specialty of geological engineering. Industries and farms need reliable sources of water, requiring dams or drilling wells at times. These engineers regulate the supply of water to hydroelectric dams ; they design dikes and work to prevent shoreline erosion.
What is Geological Engineer Salary?
Geological, mining and science engineering have a median salary of $84,300 and the top 10% earn $136,800.