Hardystonite

Hardystonite, Clinohedrite, Calcite, Willemite Locality: Franklin Mine, Franklin, Franklin Mining District, Sussex Co., New Jersey, USA Dimensions: 7 cm x 6 cm x 3.2 cm Photo Copyright © Rob Lavinsky & irocks

Chemical Formula: Ca2Zn(Si2O7)
Locality: Franklin, Sussex Co., New Jersey, USA.
Name Origin: Named for the Hardyston Township in which Franklin is situated.
Hardystonite is a rare calcium zinc silicate mineral first described from the Franklin, New Jersey, USA zinc deposits. It often contains lead, which was detrimental to the zinc smelting process, so it was not a useful ore mineral. Like many of the famous Franklin minerals, hardystonite responds to short wave ultraviolet (254 nm wavelength) light, emitting a fluorescence from dark purple to bright violet blue. In daylight, it is white to gray to light pink in color, sometimes with a vitreous or greasy luster. It is very rarely found as well formed crystals, and these are usually rectangular in appearance and rock-locked.

Hardystonite has a chemical composition of Ca2Zn(Si2O7). It is frequently found with willemite (fluoresces green), calcite (fluoresces red), and clinohedrite (fluoresces orange). Hardystonite can be found altered to clinohedrite CaZn(SiO4)·H2O through direct hydrothermal alteration. Other minerals often associated with hardystonite are franklinite, diopside, andradite garnet, and esperite (fluoresces yellow).

It was first described in 1899 by J.E. Wolff, when the New Jersey Zinc Company mines were located in what was called Franklin Furnace, in Hardyston Township, New Jersey.

Physical Properties

Cleavage: {100} Perfect, {110} Fair
Color: White, Light brown, Pink.
Density: 3.4
Diaphaneity: Transparent to translucent
Fracture: Brittle – Generally displayed by glasses and most non-metallic minerals.
Hardness: 3-4 – Calcite-Fluorite
Luminescence: Fluorescent, Short UV=dark purple, Long UV=intense violet-blue.
Luster: Vitreous (Glassy)
Magnetism: Nonmagnetic
Streak: white

Photos:

Lichtloch 25, Copper-Silver smelter (Gottesbelohnung smelter; slag locality), Hettstedt, Mansfeld Basin, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany © Frank de Wit
Hardystonite, Clinohedrite, Calcite, Willemite Locality: Franklin Mine, Franklin, Franklin Mining District, Sussex Co., New Jersey, USA Dimensions: 7 cm x 6 cm x 3.2 cm Photo Copyright © Rob Lavinsky & irocks
Clinohedrite, Hardystonite with Axinite and Willemite Locality: Parker Shaft, Franklin, Sussex County, New Jersey Overall Size: 4×3.5×2.5 cm Photo Copyright © JohnBetts-FineMinerals
SHARE